Ariets Research Blog

February 18, 2012

Summary from last four years here

Filed under: [x] Blog — Ariets @ 12:28 am

the Ariets Research Blog (theARB/ ARB) is an anthropological concept blog and the library of so many diffrent kind’s. As anthropological in much wider spectrum than just physical or cultural, also that blog is rather dedicated to all ancient human cultures and its legacies, with few exceptions through.

It started four years ago, and its still on. Prehaps not as frequently updated, but at least from time to time. Lets the spirit of knowledge live here and spread elsewhere. FTW

Few fun/number facts:

  • 1st it was suppouse not to be a blog at all, just a garbage full of links and files;
  • 120x Posts here;
  • 3x Pages here;
  • 100x times better [it is] than Twilight;
  • 24x Categories here;
  • 2x Rules of theARB: 1. Only facts, and valid arguments & 2. Always with source.
  • 22 667x views (all time, once counted)

Hey folks, wanna help?

  • You can always help, just write to me.
  • If you have no idea how, ask google, and then help me.
  • I accept help in any form, you can write even an article or whatever 🙂

Dzieje Zakładu Antropologii UJ 1908-2008

Filed under: -History, Physical anthropology, Poland — Ariets @ 12:08 am

Bardzo ciekawy tekst.

Źródło: link.

February 6, 2012

Anthropological data from the Hungarian Scythian Period collected from the cemetery excavated at M0 Ring Road

Filed under: -Scythians, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 1:39 pm

Abstract: The anthropological remains from cremated and skeletonised burial of 84 individuals of the Scythian Period cemetery of M0 Ring Road, Site No. 008, Akácos-dûlõ were examined. Based on remains that could be examined, this population can be characterised by medium length of neurocranium, moderately wide face and medium/tall-medium height. Based on the examination of skulls the face of this people was narrow and the neurocranium was long. This is in line with our current picture about people of the Scythian period. The relatively high proportion of females is very important but no anthropological methods could explain the cause of this phenomenon.

Source: (fullpaper)

R1a1a and its subclades at Y-DNA Project (FTDNA)

Filed under: Genetics, Indo-Europeans — Ariets @ 10:53 am

Please have a look at these fatastic charts and map of the FamiliTree DNA:

As Polako have noticed (1) there’s a propablity of Prussian (as West Baltic) origin of R1a1a1g2d subclade. (At FT-DNA its marked as Baltic subclade). Most people of it come from northeastern and nothern parts of Poland, eastern German and Lithuanian as well. We have to nitice that many if not most of the people of eastern and especially northeastern Germany have it own origins from ex-German territories (especially German Prussia). The original tribe of Prussians ware of Baltic origin, and ware tough, “barbaric” tribe that fought against Christian invaders (Polish and then “rented” Teutonic Knights). The Teutons have smashed them out of the maps killing as much as they wanted, but as we can figure their genetical heritage remains. As a conclusion we can suggest that many of them ware also simply assimilated into Polish, German and Lithuanian societies, as their paternal dna survived within the male population.

1 – R1a1a1g2d: a paternal genetic signal from the extinct Baltic Prussians in modern Poles and Germans

Scythians of the North Pontic region

Filed under: -Scythians, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 10:21 am

Took from: Archaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 4 (32), 2007, pp. 143-157

“Scythians of the north Pontic region: Between-group cranial variation, affinities and origins” by A.G. Kozintsev

(no abstract)

First of all, the variation between the Scythian groups must be assessed in order to compare it with the total variation. The average distance between all the 22 Scythian groups is 6.30; that between the 17 steppe groups, 5.25; that between the five forest-steppe groups, 5.88; and that between the steppe and the forest-steppe groups, 8.04. As will be seen below, these values are not at all small by the general standard.

Our results agree with the conclusions made by A.Yu. Alekseyev (1993), who speaks of two Scythian cultures, separated by a sharp gap: one archaic, distributed mostly in the forest-steppe and in the northern Caucasus, another classical, distributed in the steppe. It appears reasonable to assume that the two cultures were associated with tribes differing in origin, and that the term “Scythians” can be used with regard to the forest-steppe people only in a broad sense.

Therefore, contrary to a widely held belief, which, until quite recently, was shared by all physical anthropologists, not a single biological fact (at least insofar as craniometry is concerned) suggests that the only, or at least the principal ancestors of the steppe Scythians were people of the Timber-grave culture. Now that this culture is represented by numerous populations from various parts of its distribution area, the above statement can be made with certainty not only with regard to the steppe Scythians in general, but also with regard to the vast majority of local steppe populations as well.

“The hypothesis formulated by Kovalev (see above) does not contradict the fact that gracilization began in the southern part of the Caucasoid distribution range. At the same time, this hypothesis agrees with the theory of two Indo-European homelands – the early one, Near Eastern, and the late one, European, situated in regions from the Balkans (Diakonov, 1982) to Central or even Northern Europe (Safronov, 1989; Klein, 1990 and in print), i.e., areas covered by the depigmentation process.”

Craniometrical findings indirectly support the theory that the forest-steppe Scythians were autochthonous. Both for this group as a whole and for its local populations, including the earliest one, from Medvin, the most distinct ties are those with people of the Timber-grave culture of the Ukraine, especially with the group from the ground burials of that culture. No less relevant are ties with the Belozerskaia group. The isolated position of certain forest-steppe Scythian groups, which reveal no ties with other populations, may point to a key role of microevolutionary (especially random) processes.

4. Parallels between the steppe Scythians and people of the Timber-grave culture evidently do not attest to the local origin of the former. They are less distinct than parallels with earlier Bronze Age populations (those associated with the Pit-grave and Catacomb cultures) and therefore point not so much to the local roots of the steppe Scythians as to the fact that their ancestors were Indo-Europeans (most likely Indo-Iranians), some groups of which migrated during the Bronze Age as far east as Eastern Central Asia. The return of their descendants to the North Pontic steppes in the Early Iron Age was apparently the key factor in the origin of the steppe Scythians (at least of the relatively late populations represented in our database).

Source: (link)

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