Ariets Research Blog

April 28, 2015

Sub-race distribution in Wales; from H. J. Fleure and T. C. James

Filed under: -Celts, -Plates, -Typology, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 5:40 pm

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-Geographical Distribution of Anthropological Types in Wales.Posted Image
H. J. Fleure and T. C. James
The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
Vol. 46, (Jan. – Jun., 1916), pp. 35-153

Plates from Mankind So Far by W. Howells(1947)

Filed under: -Plates, -Typology, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 5:39 pm

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April 25, 2015

Keltic type of E.A. Hooton &C. W. Dupertius from “Physicial anthropology of Ireland”

Filed under: -Celts, -Plates, -Typology, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 8:47 am

The Keltic type is the second oldest in Ireland 3.36 years above the mean age. The type is 0.60 pounds below mean Irish weight, but does not deviate significantly from average stature. The thoracic index in this type is significantly high, because the chest is deep relative to its width. It is exceeded in this index only by the small Pure Mediterranean group. Head circumference is markedly low since head breadth is meager and head length, although large, fall below the of the numerically strong Nordic Mediterranean type. The cephalic index 76.59 is the minimum for Irish types. Head height is lower than that of any other type save only the Pure Mediterranean. The length-height index is next to the Irish minimum, while the breadth-height index is significantly high although exceeded by two Nordic types and the Nordic Mediterranean type. The forehead is very narrow and the front-parietal index high. The bizygomatic diameter is depressed, but significantly higher that the average values found in the Nordic types. The cephalo-facial index is higher that that of any other type save only the Nordic Mediterranean. The bigonial diameter is somewhat low and the front-gonial index is highest for Ireland. The gonial index is moderately elevated. The high facial index 91,1 is exceeded only by that of the Predominantly Nordic type. The upper face is particularly long. The upper facial index average demonstrates that this type has relatively the longest and narrowest upper face. Noses are a trifle long, probably in part an effect of advanced mean age and also they are a trifle broader that average. Thus the nasal index is also a little above average.

The Keltic type is very light-skinned, although exceeded in this respect by the three blond types. It falls below these types only in pronounced vascularity. The type is relatively low in freckling and also has fewer moles. All kinds of hair form occur, with low waves in the modal position. However, the Keltics present the strongest assemblage of straight-haired individuals to be found in any Irish type, save the Pure Nordic. Baldness and graying of head and beard are excessive in this type doubtless because of the high average age. The modal hair color (46.9%) is flat brown, but a strong minority (39.7%) has dark brown hair, and red-haired contingent amounts to 5.7%. In darkness of hair pigmentation, this type is exceeded only by the small group of Pure Mediterranean’s and by the large Nordic Mediterranean group.

All Keltics have pure blue or gray-blue eyes. Almost 54 per cent of Irish blue eyes belong to members of this Keltic type, although the type constitutes only 25.3% of the Irish type series. Irises with scalloped patterns reach their Irish maximum and clear irises are greatly in excess. External eye folds are slightly more that ordinarily common in this type. Upward slant of the eyes slits is more frequent in the Keltic type than in any other except the Pure Mediterranean. Variations from medium height of eye openings, when they occur at all, are low more that is ordinarily common, but these are not characteristics. This type has a higher percentage of persons with pronounced brow ridges that any other Irish morphological type. Foreheads incline toward the more sloping forms. Nasal depressions tend to be deep; straight nasal profiles slightly exceeded the convex form. Membranous lips are rather more than ordinarily thin. Teeth loss, wear, face shortening by tooth wear, and caries are at the maxima in these Keltics, but, reasonably, this condition must be attributed to the high mean age of the type. The Keltic type is average in frontal projection of the molars and is high in medium lateral projection. Gonial angles are infrequently prominent. Hollowness of the temporal region is a distinct feature as is also marked occipital protrusion. Although lambdoid flatting occurs in nearly three-fourths of the Keltics, this feature is less common in the Keltic morphological type that in any other. Occipital flattening is relatively infrequent.

 

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April 22, 2015

H. G. Wells – “The main races of man kind” from his “The outline of history”

Filed under: Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 8:57 pm

Figure 109

Figure 109: Heads of Australoid Types

It is only in the last fifty or sixty years that the varieties of men came to be regarded in this light, as a tangle of differentiations, recently arrested or still in progress. Before that time students of mankind, influenced, consciously or unconsciously, by the story of Noah and the Ark and his three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japhet, were inclined to classify men into three or four great races and they were disposed to regard these races as having always been separate things, descended from originally separate ancestors. They ignored the great possibilities of blended races and of special local isolations and variations. The classification has varied considerably, but there has been rather too much readiness to assume that mankind must be completely divisible into three or four main groups. Ethnologists (students of race) have fallen into grievous disputes about a multitude of minor peoples, as to whether they were of this or that primary race or ?mixed?, or strayed early forms, or what not. But all races are more or less mixed. There are, no doubt, four main groups, but each is a miscellany, and there are little groups that will not go into any of the four main divisions.

Figure 112

Figure 112: Negro Types

Subject to these reservations, when it is clearly understood that when we speak of these main divisions we mean not simple and pure races, but groups of races, then they have a certain convenience in discussion. Over the European and Mediterranean area and western Asia there are, and have been for many thousand years, white peoples, usually called the CAUCASIANS, subdivided into two or three subdivisions, the northern blonds or Nordic race, an alleged intermediate race about which many authorities are doubtful, the so- called Alpine race, and the southern dark whites, the Mediterranean or Iberian race; over eastern Asia and America a second group of races prevails, the MONGOLIANS, generally with yellow skins, straight black hair, and sturdy bodies; over Africa, the NEGROES, and in the region of Australia and New Guinea the black, primitive AUSTRALOIDS. These are convenient terms, provided the student bears in mind that they are not exactly defined terms. They represent only the common characteristics of certain main groups of races; they leave out a number of little peoples who belong properly to none of these divisions, and they disregard the perpetual mixing where the main groups overlap.

Figure 113a

Figure 113a: Mongolian Types

Figure 113b

Figure 113b: Caucasian Types

Source & Whole book: here.

April 18, 2015

Russian plates of Vladimir, Yaroslavl and Kostroma provinces

Filed under: -Plates, -Slavs, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 7:00 am

Anthropometric research of male population of the Great Russian Vladimir, Yaroslavl and Kostroma provinces – Zograf, 1892

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April 12, 2015

Middle eastern studies of Henry Field

Filed under: Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 5:41 pm
  • “Contributions to the anthropology of Iran (1939)”, download here.
  • “The anthropology of Iraq. The Upper Euphrates (1940)”, download here.
  • “Arabs of central Iraq, their history, ethnology, and physical characters (1935)”, download here.

April 11, 2015

Nordic-Mediterrean type of E.A. Hooton & C. W. Dupertius from “Physicial anthropology of Ireland”

Filed under: Uncategorized — Ariets @ 8:17 pm

The Nordic Mediterranean type is 0.60 years above mean age, ranking third. It is virtually at the all-Irish mean of weight, and, in fact, nearly average in most bodily dimensions.
The chest index is somewhat elevated, signifying a relatively deep and narrow thorax. However, the Keltic type exhibits this feature in a much more pronounced degree. The longest heads in Ireland are found in this Nordic Mediterranean type. Head breadth, though narrow, exceeds that of other dolichocephalic types, except the Pure Mediterraneans. Head height is superior to that of the Keltics and the Pure Mediterraneans. The length-height index is very low and the breadth-height index high, as in other long-headed types. Face breadth in this type is far inferior to that of the round-headed types, but higher that that of the other dolichocephals. The cephalo-facial index reaches its Irish maximum. Total face height is well above the Irish average, as is also the total facial index. Upper face height is also high. Naturally both total facial and upper facial indices are on the high side and align this type with the other dolichocephalic leptoprosopic types and with the Dinaric type (which has been selected for long narrow noses). In the Nordic Mediterranean type the nose is about of average length, but a little more that ordinary wide. Hence the nasal index is somewhat above the Irish mean, but it is exactly the same as that of the Predominantly Nordic type and really differs very little from the mean nasal index of any other of the long-headed types.

Although skin color in the Nordic Mediterranean’s is darker than in any other Irish type save the small Pure Mediterranean, yet 86.2 per cent of this type have pink skins. Pronounced vascularity is deficient; freckles are slightly less than ordinarily common. The modal hair form is low waved (as in every other Irish type). Hair color is much darker than in any other sizable type, with 4.7 percent of black hair and 52.4 per cent of dark brown. Nevertheless, more that one third of the type has medium brow hair. All of the eyes are mixed -81.3 per cent blue-brown. Mixed eyes are a little more heavily pigmented in this type that in any other. Yet 74.7 per cent of the mixed eyes are recorded as “pronounced light” or “very pronouncedly light”. The most prevalent iris patter is “diffuse” or without marked patterning (by far the most common Nordic Mediterranean). Brow ridges are a little larger that ordinary; foreheads least often high, and a little more sloping that in any other except the Keltic type. Nasal depressions tend toward pronounces depth. The nasal profile is a little oftener straight that convex as in all Irish types except the Dinaric.

Tooth loss, wear, and caries in the Nordic Mediterranean type are somewhat above the Irish average possibly because of an elevation in mean age. Frontal projection of the molars is slightly high, but pronounced lateral projection is less than average. The same structure applies to prominence of gonial features. Pronounced temporal fullness is well below the Irish average. Occipital protrusion, as in other dolichocepalic types, is inclined to be marked. Lamboid flattening is very common, but its occurrence hardly deviates from that of the total Irish series. Occipital flattening is deficient.

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April 4, 2015

Indo-Aryan and Slavic linguistic affinities predate the origin of cereal farming

Filed under: -Aryans, -Slavs, Genetics, Indo-Europeans — Ariets @ 9:57 pm

Another interesing paper about Slavic and Indo-Aryan linguistic connection, although here based mostly on Slovenian language which

appears to be gramatically closer to Sanskrit than other Slavic languages and even Indic languages such as Hindi, Bengali andGujarati.

Authors also mention shared y-dna of R1a1 between Slavic and Indo-Aryan populations. Yet their statement that IE expansion, and therefore Slavs came from India is a bit of a joke if you ask me.

Based on the above mentioned genetic markers, one has to conclude that Hg R1a1 chromosomes came from India and reached the Balkans, before Hg N3 expanded between the Baltic and the Black Seas. Also the expansion of Hg I from the Balkans was impededand did not reach India. All of this is in agreement and supports Out of India Theory (OIT) of the ‘satem’ branch of the Indo-European language family. Furthermore, the domestication of cattle in the Indus valley and no indication of domestication of Europeanaurochs (Edwards et al. 2007) further support the OIT.
Yet most modern day scientists reject Out of India Theory (as well as Anatolian and Armenian hypothesis), which can be simply proved by monitoring presence of R1a1 around India and Europe. And apart from that there is enormous amount of archeological, anthropological and genetical evidence that this is not the case.
Also the thing that worries me a bit is that they still use that synthetic old-fashioned division of Indo-European languages, kentum v satem.
Click here to check that file!
To be honest I think that Out of India Theory currently is simply part of some kind of ethnonationalism.

Racial types of Makedonia

Filed under: Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 6:40 pm

From Heinrich Schade’s study on Macedonia (Anthropologische Untersuchungen in Ostmazedonien und Kruševo).

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Classification of the studied groups:

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Metrics of the second plates:

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April 3, 2015

Polsko-irańskie dziedzictwo językowe, czyli przyczynki do mitu o sarmackich korzeniach Polaków w świetle badań językoznawstwa historyczno-porównawczego

Filed under: -History, -In Polish, -Scythians, -Slavs, Indo-Europeans, Poland — Ariets @ 8:24 pm

Język awestyjski w wielu przypadkach faktycznie bardziej przypomina języki słowiańskie niż współczesne, żywe języki irańskie. Głównym tego powodem jest archaiczność owego języka, zbliżona do archaiczności języków słowiańskich. W języku awestyjskim można dopatrzeć się znacznie większej ilości rdzeni istniejących w językach słowiańskich niż w jakimkolwiek innym języku irańskim.

(…)

3.5. Podsumowanie

Powyższe rozważania dowodzą, że Słowianie i Irańczycy przez długie stulecia połączeni byli zarówno ścisłymi więzami kulturowymi, jak i językowymi. Można więc mówić o swego rodzaju słowiańsko-irańskim dziedzictwie językowym, które powstało na wskutek wzajemnego zbliżenia się języków i długotrwałej koegzystencji.

(…)

Być może warta odnotowania jest pewna informacja obecna w źródłach starożytnych. W 519 roku p.n.e. Dariusz Wielki zebrał potężną armię i zorganizował wielką ekspedycję karną w głąb Scytii, podbijając stepy i wypę- dzając scytyjskich koczowników ze swych dotychczasowych siedzib54. Być może więc uciekające przed nadciągającą armią przerażone plemiona Scytów przeniknęły na obce terytorium, wnikając w głąb kultury łużyckiej (gdzie naturalną barierą geograficzną był Bałtyk)55 i osiedlając się pośród tamtejszych Słowian, wzbogacając ich o elementy własnej kultury i języka, a następnie ulegając asymilacji i znikając z kart historii na zawsze.

Taki obrót wydarzeń stawia w całkiem innym świetle teorię o sarmackich korzeniach polskiej szlachty. Być może rzeczywiście Sarmaci (bądź też inne plemię Scytów) najechali ziemie łagodnych z natury Słowian i w mniej lub bardziej pokojowy sposób podbili je, roztaczając nad nimi swoją władzę. Nie można jednak zakładać, aby mniejszość sarmacka zdołała na dłuższy czas zachować odrębność etniczną i językową, zwłaszcza w tak podobnej kulturze, jaką była kultura słowiańska. Tak więc nawet jeśli przedstawiona sytuacja okazałaby się prawdziwa, niemożliwe jest raczej, aby tożsamość plemienna sarmackiej elity przetrwała do epoki, w której mogłaby się bez oporów rozwijać. Z tożsamością musiała zniknąć również pamięć. (…)

Polecam świetny tekst p. Jacka Jarmoszko z Kwartalnika Językoznawczego (2011/3 (7)) . Aby go ściągnąć należy kliknąć Tutaj.

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