Ariets Research Blog

May 3, 2015

Studies of Bertil Lundman

Filed under: -Plates, -Typology, Africa, America, Asia, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 7:21 pm

Bertil Lundman

  • “The Living Races and Peoples of Europe”, download here.
  • “Race, Language, and the History of Peoples”, download here.
  • “Racial history of Scandinavia”, download here.
  • “Racial history of Near East”, download here.
  • “Anthropological study of Finland”, download here.
  • “The Races and Peoples of India”, download here.
  • “The Races and Peoples of South East Asia”, download here.
  • “The Racial history of Europe”, download here.
  • “The Races and Peoples of North and Central Asia”, download here.
  • Race Mixture and Facial Elongation “, download here.
  • “Swedish gypsies”, download here.
  • “The Distribution of Anthropological Traits in Europe”, download here.
  • “Anthropological maps of Scandinavia”, download here (account required)

April 28, 2015

Sub-race distribution in Wales; from H. J. Fleure and T. C. James

Filed under: -Celts, -Plates, -Typology, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 5:40 pm

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-Geographical Distribution of Anthropological Types in Wales.Posted Image
H. J. Fleure and T. C. James
The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
Vol. 46, (Jan. – Jun., 1916), pp. 35-153

Plates from Mankind So Far by W. Howells(1947)

Filed under: -Plates, -Typology, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 5:39 pm

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April 25, 2015

Keltic type of E.A. Hooton &C. W. Dupertius from “Physicial anthropology of Ireland”

Filed under: -Celts, -Plates, -Typology, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 8:47 am

The Keltic type is the second oldest in Ireland 3.36 years above the mean age. The type is 0.60 pounds below mean Irish weight, but does not deviate significantly from average stature. The thoracic index in this type is significantly high, because the chest is deep relative to its width. It is exceeded in this index only by the small Pure Mediterranean group. Head circumference is markedly low since head breadth is meager and head length, although large, fall below the of the numerically strong Nordic Mediterranean type. The cephalic index 76.59 is the minimum for Irish types. Head height is lower than that of any other type save only the Pure Mediterranean. The length-height index is next to the Irish minimum, while the breadth-height index is significantly high although exceeded by two Nordic types and the Nordic Mediterranean type. The forehead is very narrow and the front-parietal index high. The bizygomatic diameter is depressed, but significantly higher that the average values found in the Nordic types. The cephalo-facial index is higher that that of any other type save only the Nordic Mediterranean. The bigonial diameter is somewhat low and the front-gonial index is highest for Ireland. The gonial index is moderately elevated. The high facial index 91,1 is exceeded only by that of the Predominantly Nordic type. The upper face is particularly long. The upper facial index average demonstrates that this type has relatively the longest and narrowest upper face. Noses are a trifle long, probably in part an effect of advanced mean age and also they are a trifle broader that average. Thus the nasal index is also a little above average.

The Keltic type is very light-skinned, although exceeded in this respect by the three blond types. It falls below these types only in pronounced vascularity. The type is relatively low in freckling and also has fewer moles. All kinds of hair form occur, with low waves in the modal position. However, the Keltics present the strongest assemblage of straight-haired individuals to be found in any Irish type, save the Pure Nordic. Baldness and graying of head and beard are excessive in this type doubtless because of the high average age. The modal hair color (46.9%) is flat brown, but a strong minority (39.7%) has dark brown hair, and red-haired contingent amounts to 5.7%. In darkness of hair pigmentation, this type is exceeded only by the small group of Pure Mediterranean’s and by the large Nordic Mediterranean group.

All Keltics have pure blue or gray-blue eyes. Almost 54 per cent of Irish blue eyes belong to members of this Keltic type, although the type constitutes only 25.3% of the Irish type series. Irises with scalloped patterns reach their Irish maximum and clear irises are greatly in excess. External eye folds are slightly more that ordinarily common in this type. Upward slant of the eyes slits is more frequent in the Keltic type than in any other except the Pure Mediterranean. Variations from medium height of eye openings, when they occur at all, are low more that is ordinarily common, but these are not characteristics. This type has a higher percentage of persons with pronounced brow ridges that any other Irish morphological type. Foreheads incline toward the more sloping forms. Nasal depressions tend to be deep; straight nasal profiles slightly exceeded the convex form. Membranous lips are rather more than ordinarily thin. Teeth loss, wear, face shortening by tooth wear, and caries are at the maxima in these Keltics, but, reasonably, this condition must be attributed to the high mean age of the type. The Keltic type is average in frontal projection of the molars and is high in medium lateral projection. Gonial angles are infrequently prominent. Hollowness of the temporal region is a distinct feature as is also marked occipital protrusion. Although lambdoid flatting occurs in nearly three-fourths of the Keltics, this feature is less common in the Keltic morphological type that in any other. Occipital flattening is relatively infrequent.

 

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April 18, 2015

Russian plates of Vladimir, Yaroslavl and Kostroma provinces

Filed under: -Plates, -Slavs, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 7:00 am

Anthropometric research of male population of the Great Russian Vladimir, Yaroslavl and Kostroma provinces – Zograf, 1892

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March 24, 2015

Rekonstrukcje ludności kultury fatianowskiej

Filed under: -Corded ware culture, -Plates, Indo-Europeans, Physical anthropology — Ariets @ 11:18 am

Grupa bałanowska

Źródło nieznane (?)

August 21, 2010

Historia naturalna człowieka

Filed under: -History, -In Polish, -Plates, -Typology, Physical anthropology, Poland — Ariets @ 5:26 pm

Poniżej przedstawiam kilka skanów z pracy prof. dr Nolla pt. “Historya naturalna człowieka” z 1894 roku (Warszawa, wyd. M.Arct). Dodatkowo mapa “Wzrost średni rekrutów 1874-1993 w Cesarstwie Rosyjskiem” oraz tabela przedstawiająca częstotliwość zmian pigmentacyjnych wśród warszawskich dzieci z “Geografii fizycznej ziem polskich i charakterystyka fizyczna ludności” pod red. Eugeniusza Romera (Kraków 1912).

May 25, 2009

Phenotypic variation of Polish nobility

Filed under: -Plates, -Slavs, Physical anthropology, Poland — Ariets @ 11:37 pm

Diversity of Polish nobility in pictures, and later with conclusion and links. Specially in PDF file format, done by me.

To download it, click here dude.

March 17, 2009

Biometrical Studies on the Anthropology of Russia

(By Ethyme Tschepourkowsky, experts from Biometrika, Vol. 15, No. 3/4. (Dec., 1923), pp. 254-270.)

APPLYING the geographical method to measurements of nearly 50,000 Russian peasants* I was led to the chief types given in the map, Plate I.

(i) There exists in the East of European Russia (Riazan, Tambof and Penza governments)? an island of relative dolichocephaly, namely 16 contiguous districts, the mean cephalic index of each not exceeding 79.9. Such a low mean
index is nowhere else to be met with. The empirical distribution of those districts is provided in the accompanying Table I(7816 men). The hair- and eye-colour in this region is relatively dark.
(ii) In the other parts of Great Russia the watersheds are inhabited by a much more brachycephalic type : the mean index of districts is there nearly 83-87. This type is relatively blond. The same population with much more accentuated blondness and brachycephaly occupies the swamps of White Russia along the rivers Pripiet and Berezina, effluents of the river Dniepr. The river valleys in Great Russia are occupied by an intermediate or mixed type of index: 81-82.

(iii) The Little Russian population is also brachycephalic but very dark.

(iv) Along the valleys of the Nieman and West Dwina (w. Duna) and in government Moghileff there are remnants of the Scandinavian type, blond and relatively dolichocephalic (80-81).

According to considerations I will not reproduce heref I think that the first of these types (East Russian) is the remnant of an ancient population of Turco-Finnish and partly slavic origin; the second invaded Great Russia much later (700-1000 years ago) from the swamps of White Russia and has an affinity with the round-barrow population of Britain$; the third colonized Little Russia quite recently from the Carpathians (Homo alpinzis) after the Tartar invasion. I have used biometric methods in the following cases :

(1) To determine if the number of observations wss sufficient to calculate the mean index of districts or subdistricts (communities) I calculated the coefficien of correlation : (a)between two mean indices for the same districts deduced from two serie? of observations: by myself, or by myself and another author. It was 0.912 + ,022; (b) between the lowest number of observations in each district and the above mentioned differences of the mean indices, deduced from two series of my own observations. The result was negative (r = -0,195 + .077), i.e. with the increase of the number of observations the differences decrease (see Tables II and III).

(2) To determine if my appreciation of hair-colour was sufficiently exact, I calculated the correlation for the relative number in percentages of extreme blonds and extreme dark-haired in each government (Table IV) and found r = -*883 +- *030.

(3) To solve the question if in the Russian peasant population the hairand eye-colours are correlated with the cephalic index I observed the colour of 27,000 peasants (soldiers) in the same conditions of light, divided them into geographical groups (districts), in every group calculated the mean index for each subdivision of hair- and eye-colour” and found (Tables V and VI) : (a) that the differences between those mean indices are distributed according to the laws of probability; and (b) that they also diminish with the increase of the number of observations (r-negative?). I t confirmed my previous assertion that the fundamental types cannot be discovered with certainty by the sole method of establishing correlations among characters;.

(4) Anthropologists often describe a people (in most cases without any attempts to resolve it into physically different con~ponents) by a series of arithmetical means for different characters. But if we take within the limits of the same race many determinations of a given character (for instance, if we take from a race ten groups of individuals and deduce a mean cephalic index for each group) these determinations will vary according to a probability curve. Each race is characterized by its own probability curve of this kind and we must compare these curves but not the means of characters deduced from one or two observations. In Table VII we see for instance the curves of mean indices of subdistricts (communities) in different districts of Russia and in Table VIII the curves of percentages of blond type in different governments of the Great and Little Russias.

(Rest to be posted in future)


Appendix: Composite photograph
I have constructed a special photographic apparatus which enables me to take rapidly nearly 2000 portraits on a cinematographic film without recharging. With it I have photographed under the same conditions of light nearly 5000 men 26-27 years old in full face and profile. Using Galton’s method I made with a reflex-camera the combined portraits of the above-mentioned East Region population, i.e. of the Riazan, Tatnbof and Penza Governments (see Plate 11, Fig. I), of White Russians of Mariupol District (Fig. 2) and of Little Russians of the Government of Minsk (Fig. 3). We see from these portraits combined from a large number of individuals (451, 147 and 140 individuals) that only a slight longheadedness characterizes the Eastern type. As a result I found no sensible differences between these types using Bertillon’s scheme. The composite portrait of Mongols, combining only 25 individuals, shows a striking difference (Fig. 4).
I have also used my apparatus to make composite portraits of the profiles of the ears (Figs. 5a, 5b) and of the nose (Fig. 6) which as far as I know have not previously been made by anybody else. The events of the last few years have
interrupted my investigations.

March 5, 2009

Zarys antropologii Polski

Filed under: -In Polish, -Plates, -Typology, Physical anthropology, Poland — Ariets @ 2:58 pm

Here plates from “Zarys antropologii Polski” (Outline for anthropology of Poland) of prof. Jan Czekanowski, from 1930 year, showing types that (w)are presented in Poland. Scanned by Corda (?).

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